Javaneshorn

Posted by darren - noviembre 30th, 2017

CR — Kritisk truet

Javaneshorn (Rhinoceros sondaicus) er et upartåede hovdyr som hovedsakelig lever i nasjonalparken Ujung Kulon på øya Java i Indonesia. Denne arten neshorn har horn på nesen, men mangler horn i pannen. Arten tilhører neshornfamilien (Rhinocerotidae).

Javaneshorn er på størrelse med det indiske panserneshornet, med en kroppslengde på opp mot 4 meter (normalt 2-3 meter) og en mankehøyde på cirka 170 cm. Vekten ligger normalt mellom 0,9 og 2,3 tonn. Mellom de to kjønnene er det ingen markante forskjeller, bortsett fra at hannenes horn er større. Det kan bli 25 cm, mens hunnenes bare utgjør en liten knopp eller mangler helt.

Voksne dyr er nakne og har grå hud. Ved hver fot finnes det tre tær som er utrustet med hover.

Til tross for navnet finnes javaneshornet ikke bare på øya Java. Tidligere strakte utbredelsesområdet også over deler av det sørasiatiske fastlandet fra Bangladesh, over Burma, Thailand og Laos til Vietnam natural beef tenderizer. Dessuten eksisterte dyret på Sumatra. I henhold til nyere informasjon skal det også på 1500-tallet ha eksistert i sørlige Kina. I dag er dog bare en liten populasjon igjen.

På grunn av jakt har antallet stupt drastisk, nå vet man bare om to populasjoner igjen. Den største av disse befinner seg på Ujung Kulon nasjonalpark på Java.

Habitatet utgjøres av tett tropisk regnskog i lavlandet. Javaneshornet trenger vann samt plasser med løs leire. Utenfor paringstiden lever det ensomt og er nattaktiv ways to tenderize steak. Etter drektigheten, som varer rundt 6 måneder, fødes vanligvis et ungdyr. Egget hviler en tid etter befruktningen og derfor er tiden mellom paringen og fødselen bortimot 15 måneder. Ungen dier i bortimot et år og den blir ytterligere to år hos moren. Kjønnsmodenheten skjer for hunndyr etter 5 til 7 år mens det for hanndyr skjer først etter rundt 10 år. Normal livslengde er mellom 35 og 40 år.

Javaneshornet er truet av umiddelbar utryddelse. Arten er truet delvis av ødeleggelse av dens habitat, men den største trusselen skjer grunnet markedet for dyrets horn, særlig til Kina hvor det feilaktig hevdes at hornet har legende virkning.

I henhold til beregninger fra 2002 gjenstår det kun 60 dyr av arten i Indonesia. Selv disse fåtallige dyrene er utsatt for ulovlig krypskyting. Om dette fortsetter vil dyret snart være utryddet. For å beskytte arten ble det i 1980 opprettet på den vestlige delen av Java en nasjonalpark.

Det finnes ingen javaneshorn i fangenskap. I 2011 ble den siste levende javaneshornet ulovlig felt på fastlandet. Det skjedde i naturreservatet Cat Loc i Vietnam, og arten finnes i dag utelukkende på Java. Javaneshornet regnes derfor som et av de mest sjeldne pattedyr i verden.

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Eugene Fechet

Posted by darren - agosto 4th, 2017

Eugene Oscar Fechet (14 March 1846 in Port Huron, Michigan – 15 January 1925), was a United States Army officer who served in the American Civil War, Spanish American War and in the Egyptian Army.

Eugene was the son of Dr Alfred Edmond Féchet de Alary M.D. and Mary de Garmo Buel. Alfred Edmond Féchet de Alary had studied medicine and surgery at the medical school at Tours, received his degree from the University of France, then undertook a post graduate course from the University of Heidelberg. He was then commissioned a medical officer in the Armée d’Afrique in Algiers. He was exiled due to his being a supporter of the unsuccessful coup of Napoleon III and arrived in the United States in 1840. Due to his experience he was commissioned a United States Army Surgeon and was attached to a battery of the 4th Artillery Regiment fighting the Second Seminole War. His battery was later assigned to Fort Gratiot, Michigan where he was granted a piece of land in Michigan due to his war service. He married Mary Buel on 21 Feb 1843.

Eugene was the brother of Lt Colonel Edmond Gustav Fechet (11 Jul 1844 – 16 Nov 1910) and uncle of Major General James Fechet. He was the father of Colonel Colonel d’Alary Fechet (1890–1965). Eugene married Mary Emily Montgomery the daughter of Army officer Capt Thomas J Montgomery West Point class of 1845.

At the start of the American Civil War Eugene’s father who had experience with the French Army in Algiers raised a unit that became Battery “B” 1st Regiment Michigan Light Artillery. Eugene enlisted as a Corporal in the unit on 10 September 1861; his regiment departed to St t shirt for football. Louis, Missouri on 17 December 1861. Battery “B” performed duties in the District of West Tennessee till March 1862 until it was attached to General Stephen A. Hurlbut’s 4th Division, Army of the Tennessee to April, 1862. The Regiment moved to Pittsburg Landing, Tenn. During the Battle of Shiloh on 6–7 April, Fechet’s Battery was overwhelmed and he was captured on April 6, 1862. The prisoners were later exchanged in November 1862

Promoted during his captivity to the rank of Sergeant, Eugene reenlisted in a Veteran Volunteer Regiment as a First Sergeant on 23 December 1863 until he was discharged on 10 April 1864 to attend the United States Military Academy at West Point.

Fechet graduated and was commissioned a 2nd lieutenant, 2nd Artillery Regiment on 15 June 1868. His first posting was Fort Kodiak in the Alaska Territory from 23 November 1868 to February 1870. He then participated in the geographic survey of the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community Reservation. During the early 1870s he served at the Presidio of San Francisco and Fort Stevens, Oregon.

Whilst still on active service, General William Tecumseh Sherman granted 2nd Lt Fechet a leave of absence to join the Army of the Khedivate of Egypt. He became a Chef de l’Escadron and also Chief of Signals and Chief of Reconnaissance and Survey from 24 October 1872 to 14 February 1874. He achieved the rank of Binbashi and was later promoted to Qaimaqam running water holder. During this period Fechet conducted geographical surveys in Nubia and the Sudan where he selected Aswan as the most suitable site to construct a dam to control the Nile River.

Fechet returned to the United States. Discouraged by a lack of further promotion in the Regular Army, he resigned his commission on 15 March 1875.

From 1875 to 1898 Fechet travelled to Mexico and Venezuela, where he went mining. In 1884 he became United States Consul to Paso Del Norte Ciudad Juarez Mexico. and from 1889 to 1893 was US Consul in Piedras Negras, Coahuila.

At the start of the Spanish American War, the Congress of the United States authorised 31 Signal Corps volunteer officers to be engaged for the war to supplement the 10 Regular Army Signal officers. Fechet returned to the colours where he was commissioned a Major of the Signal Corps, United States Volunteers on 30 May 1898 ways to tenderize steak. He was discharged on 17 April 1899 but was commissioned a Captain of the Signal Corps in the Regular Army on 2 February 1901. Posted to the Philippines, from 1901 to 1902 and 1906 to 1908, Fechet became chief signal officer of the Philippines. He was promoted to major on 22 August 1905 and retired as a lieutenant colonel on 14 March 1910.

An effort from the State of Michigan to have him promoted to brigadier general was denied by President Taft, who objected it would start a precedent of promotions due to political efforts.

At the time of Fechet’s retirement, he was only one of four officers in the Regular Army who had served in the Civil War; Brigadier General Charles Morton, Major General Charles L cheap football shorts and socks. Hodges and Major General John Clem were the others.

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Spring 2009 Chanel couture collection

Posted by darren - febrero 5th, 2017

The Spring 2009 Chanel couture collection was presented on January 26, 2009 in Paris.

Though the spring couture season took place amidst the financial crisis, the couture shows appeared generally unaffected by the economic downturn. In the words of fashion journalist Cathy Horyn, “The economic crisis doesn’t really scare the people who still practice haute couture ways to tenderize steak, that small, vanishing world of embroiderers, dyers and feathermakers who serve the imagination of the few remaining couturiers.” The market for couture clothing is very small, however, with only a few hundred customers worldwide; the most popular pieces in any collection generally selling “no more than three per continent.” Couture is generally unaffected by recessions because of their ultra-wealthy clientele.

In 2008 shaver replacement parts, Chanel saw growth in all sales divisions. In particular, couture sales experienced a 20% increase, with much of this grown coming from emerging markets like China, Russia, and the Middle East. About one month before its couture show, however, Chanel laid off 200 temporary workers out of a total work force of 16,000. Because French luxury houses are viewed as impervious to economic downturns, the announcement shocked the press. Despite the economic crisis, Chanel’s fashion president Bruno Pavlovsky told the Sunday Times that “good sales worldwide” were expected. Karl Lagerfeld, Chanel’s creative director, commented that the economy affected “only … the conversation”.

“The idea was a white page,” Lagerfeld said of the collection. He also commented that the show was a “refined purge” reflecting the “new modesty” in fashion. After the excesses of the bubble years preceding the economic crisis, and Chanel’s own over-the-top Russian-inspired show in December 2008, Lagerfeld concluded that “housecleaning was needed”. Lagerfeld commented elsewhere that the show’s basic silhouette was inspired by pop-up books.

The show continued in the tradition of Coco Chanel’s use of white. Coco Chanel often wore white, and in 1933 presented an all-white collection.

The collection consisted of all-white clothing. The clothing was typically cut in an A-line shape, with “cropped jackets with flat, squared-off shoulders and standaway collars.”

During the runway show, models wore paper headdresses designed by Tokyo hairstylist and milliner Katsuya Kamo. The sixty-five headdresses were created from two packets of 11×17 photocopy paper, crumpled and twisted to achieve the desired effect. Most were sent from Tokyo, though some were constructed in Paris. Kamo and six or seven assistants “worked part-time for up to three weeks making the flowers.”

The fashion show was held in a former bank near the Chanel headquarters on rue Cambon, rather than the Grand Palais exhibition hall where the event is typically held. The intimate location, near to Coco Chanel’s previous residence at number 31 metal water flask, “emphasised the mythology of the fashion house.”

Despite the economy sports waist pack, the show’s presentation was as lavish as ever. Rather than the “single-prop, mega-installations” employed in recent years, the set was a “glorious paper heaven” designed by Stephane Lubrina. The building’s grand stairway and 32 doric columns were covered from with 6,700 enormous white paper flowers. The set took 40 workers 15 weeks to create.

Audience members were seated at round tables near the catwalk; these tables were adorned with paper flower centerpieces and white “lace” tablecloths cut from paper. Guests included Keira Knightley, Marianne Faithfull, and Olga Kurylenko.

Freja Beha Erichsen opened and closed the fashion show. The remaining models were:

The New York Times’ Cathy Horyn called the show a “rare pleasure”, praising “Lagerfeld’s supreme ability to concentrate on a single idea and find endless ways to express it”. Sarah Mower of Style.com called the collection an “uplifting rite of spring, perfectly pitched between graphic modernism, ravishing romance, and astonishingly innovative detail.”

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David Florence

Posted by darren - enero 22nd, 2017

David Florence (born 8 August 1982) is a British slalom canoeist who has competed since the early 2000s. He was the 2013 and 2015 world champion in individual canoe (C-1) slalom, and 2013 pairs canoe (C-2) slalom, the latter with Richard Hounslow. Florence was the first canoeist since Charles Dussuet, sixty years earlier, to achieve the C-1, C-2 ‘double’ in the same world championships.

Florence won silver medals at three consecutive Olympics: in the C-1 in 2008 and in the C-2 in 2012 and 2016 (with Richard Hounslow).

Having been born in Aberdeen, Florence lived in Edinburgh between the ages of 7 and 18 on the same street as future world and Olympic cycling champion Chris Hoy. He attended Roseburn Primary School and Stewarts Melville College secondary school. He began canoeing at the age of 14, on the Water of Leith, and was eventually invited to join the Forth Canoe Club, where most of his training was done on the Union Canal. He went to the University of Nottingham and studied mathematical physics, but says his main reason for choosing to move to Nottingham was because it is the home of the National Watersports Centre. His father, George, is a former Scottish canoeing champion and his brother, Fraser also canoes for Scotland. His Uncle Angus Florence also canoed for Scotland.

Florence finished 4th in the 2005 European Championships and 15th in the World Championships the same year. He also won a bronze medal in the World Cup event in Seu. In 2006 he improved to a sixth-place finish in the World Championships, won a bronze in the C-1 team, and took the gold medal at the World Cup in Augsburg. In 2007 he took 5th place at the World Championships and two World Cup medals, bronzes in Prague and Augsburg. In 2009 he started competing in C-2 alongside Richard Hounslow and he won a silver in the C-2 team event at the 2009 world championships in La Seu d’Urgell. He went on to win a bronze in the C-2 event at the 2010 world championships in Tacen and another one in the C-2 team event at the 2011 world championships in Bratislava ways to tenderize steak. At the 2013 world championships in Prague he won 2 golds (C-1 and C-2) and 1 bronze (C-2 team).

In 2009 he won the overall World Cup title in C-1. Florence also has seven medals from the European Championships (1 gold, 1 silver and 5 bronzes).

At the 2008 Summer Olympics, in Beijing, Florence competed in the men’s slalom C-1, solo whitewater canoeing event. He finished second overall, winning the silver medal behind Slovakian world number one Michal Martikán. He completed his preliminary runs of the course at the Shunyi Olympic Rowing-Canoeing Park in 89.47 and 82.16 seconds, to lie 3rd overall, with a total time of 171.63 seconds, heading into the semifinal. His semifinal time of, 90.46 seconds, qualifying him for the final in 4th place out of the ten advancing competitors. His final run of 88.15 seconds gave him a total time 178.61 seconds and meant he led with only Martikán left to compete, however the Slovakian went almost 2 seconds faster to push Florence into the silver medal position. After the event Florence said he had been inspired by the sight of Rebecca Adlington winning her 400 metres freestyle gold medal the day before water bottle for running handheld.

Florence qualified for the C-1 event at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London at the British trials. Thanks to the fact that his C-2 partner Richard Hounslow qualified for the K-1 event, they were able to start together in the C-2 event as the second British boat in that category. Florence was a favourite to medal especially in the C-1 event, but he failed to make the final after a semifinal run full of mistakes meat tenderizer electric machine. He finished down in 10th place which was a disappointment for him as well as the local fans. He and Hounslow (who also had a disappointing run in K-1) made amends in the C-2 event where they were able to win the silver medal behind their compatriots Timothy Baillie and Etienne Stott and ahead of the three-time defending champions Pavol and Peter Hochschorner.

Before the 2008 Olympics Florence had applied to become an astronaut in the European Space Agency’s astronaut training programme in response to an advert he had seen, and was so serious about it that he began learning Russian, a mandatory requirement for the position. However he was not among the four people selected from the 8,400 applicants and received a rejection letter a short time before the start of the Olympics. After winning his Olympic medal he said of the application; “It wasn’t a whim.. old baseball jerseys. It was an opportunity that came along to apply for something incredible. I tried but didn’t get in.”

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