William Gibson (Dramatiker)

Posted by darren - octubre 10th, 2017

William Gibson (* 13. November 1914 in New York City, New York; † 25. November 2008 in Stockbridge, Massachusetts) war ein US-amerikanischer Dramatiker und Schriftsteller.

William Gibson besuchte das City College of New York. 1948 schrieb er sein erstes Buch Dinny and the Witches, aber erst mit dem 1954 erschienenen Roman Wie Wasser unter der Brücke (The Cobweb) gelang ihm ein Erfolg. Das Buch wurde im folgenden Jahr unter seiner Mitwirkung als Die Verlorenen mit Richard Widmark und Lauren Bacall in den Hauptrollen verfilmt. 1958 wurde mit Two for the Seesaw sein erstes Stück am Broadway aufgeführt. Es kam auf 750 Aufführungen und wurde für einen Tony Award nominiert. Robert Wise verfilmte es 1962 mit Robert Mitchum und Shirley MacLaine. 1959 folgte mit The Miracle Worker (Licht im Dunkel) sein erfolgreichstes Werk. Basierend auf der Geschichte von Helen Keller gewann es 1960 den Tony Award und kam zwischen 1959 und 1961 auf 719 Vorstellungen. Die Verfilmung von Arthur Penn mit Anne Bancroft in der Hauptrolle aus dem Jahr 1962 wurde mit zwei Oscars ausgezeichnet, Gibson war für seine Drehbuchadaption für einen weiteren Oscar nominiert. 2000 kam es unter dem Titel The Miracle Worker – Wunder geschehen zu einer erneuten Verfilmung water bottle backpack running.

1964 wurde er für das in Zusammenarbeit mit Clifford Odets entstandene Musical Golden Boy für einen weiteren Tony Award nominiert. Bis 2005 wurden sechs weitere Stücke von Gibson am Broadway aufgeführt needle meat tenderizer, darunter A Cry of Players über das Leben des jungen William Shakespeare sowie Golda’s Balcony über Golda Meir, welches von 2003 bis 2005 auf insgesamt 493 Aufführungen kam.

Literarische Vorlage und Drehbuch

Literarische Vorlage

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Sjørøveren Barbarossa

Posted by darren - febrero 25th, 2017

Barbarossa, fra italiensk for «rødskjegg», også kalt Khair ed-Din, var den yngste av to brødre som på 1500-tallet var aktive som sjørøvere i Middelhavet.

Brødrene ble født i 1470-årene i byen Palaiokipos på øya Lesbos. De var sønner av en muslimsk prest, Yakup Ağa, og en gresk kristen kvinne fra øya. Faren hjalp til med osmanenes erobring av øya. Mange historikere anser at faren var en gresk janitsjar som stammet fra Ioannina.[trenger referanse] Den eldre broren hette Horuk (Aruk eller Urudzj) water bottle sports. Den yngres egentlige navn Khizr, ble senere forandret av den sultanen til Khair ed-Din (“god i troen”), hvilket de kristne forvrengte til Hairaddin (Djereddin).[trenger referanse]

Tidlig skaffet begge brødrene seg et rykte som dristige sjømenn og ble en skrekk i middelhavslandene. Siden gikk de i tjeneste hos emiren av Tunis, og her gjorde de anselige erobringer langs kysten av Nord-Afrika water bottle backpack running. I 1515 ble Horuk sendt for å hjelpe emiren av Alger mot spanjolene. Han beseiret spanjolenes flåte og tok deretter kontroll over Alger med omgivelser og myrdet sultanen[trenger referanse], noe som tvang resten av det styrtede dynastiet til å flykte. I 1518 døde Horuk i et slag ved Oran mot spanjolene da disse forsøkte å gjenopprette det gamle styret.[trenger referanse]

Khair ed-Din etterfulgte sin bror som hersker over Alger og stilte seg i 1519 under den osmanske sultanens overhøyhet samt utvidet snart sitt område gjennom å underlegge seg Tunis.[trenger referanse] Han organiserte sjørøveriet på Middelhavet i stor skala og ledet en stor osmansk flåte under sultan Suleimans krigstog mot det habsburgske Østerrike under keiser Karl V. Dette skjedde i år 1535 i det slaget om Tunis, et land han erobret og ga tilbake til den fordrevne fyrsten.

Khair ed-Din, innesperret i Alger, fortsatte å være de kristnes gissel. Han ble i 1536 av Suleiman I utnevnt til øverstkommanderende (beglerbeg) over den osmanske flåten og bortførte innbyggerne i byen Mahón på Menorca, slo seg ned i Arta-viken hvor den genovesiske admiralen Andrea Doria regjerte og erobret i 1539. Han erobret Castelnuovo på Dalmatia-kysten etter hard kamp i 1540 og tilintetgjorde en kristen flåte ved Kreta, og i 1542 kom han med en stor sjømakt Frans I av Frankrike til hjelp under den fransk-osmanske alliansen, samt medvirket til erobringen av Nice.[trenger referanse]

Han døde i høy alder i Konstantinopel i 1546.

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James O’Brien (piper)

Posted by darren - diciembre 13th, 2016

James O’Brien (1823–85), Irish piper sock tape football.

O’Brien was born in Swinford, County Mayo. He was friendly with Piper Cribben, and became his pupil, and was acquainted with Patrick Walsh (piper). He was neither blind nor lame, but took up music for the sheer love of it. However, after emigrating to England, he was suffered a spinal injury while working in a stone quarry which disabled him from hard manual labour, so he was forced to rely upon music as his sole source of income.

O’Brien played all over the north of England, in taverns, picnics, and fairs. He was especially fond of Yorkshire and Lancashire, but was known to wander as far south as Devon.

Captain Francis O’Neill tells of him:

“While sauntering along a highway one day he came to a fine-looking mansion, and, being thirsty, he went up to the hall door and rang the bell. An old lady, whose head was crowned with a wealth ot snow-white hair, responded 1l bpa free water bottle. When O’Brien announced the object of his call she asked him where he came from.”

“On learning that he was an Irishman she further inquired if he knew a place called Ballinamuck. Of course he did, for it was close to his birthplace. Then the mystery of her interest in Irish topography was revealed.”

“Her son, an officer in the English army, was killed in that vicinity a little while before the battle of Ballinamuck, in September, 1798. When the Irish and French troops were marching towards the town, followed closely by the English.”

“A French soldier dropped out of the ranks, too ill to proceed farther, and crawled behind a stone wall to die. Seeing the English force marching by a short time later, he took deliberate aim at an officer and shot him dead. The victim was the whitewhaired lady’s son.”

“Notwithstanding a bereaved mother’s cherished grief, O’Brien’s thirst was assuaged with a beverage stronger than water.”

He relocated to the United States in the early 1860s, disembarking at Portland meat cubers, Maine and proceeding from there to all Irish communities in the state before going on to Boston, Massachusetts water bottle backpack running. In 1875 he settled in Chicago, staying at the home of Roger Walsh (formerly of Portland). Here he made the acquaintance of Captain Francis O’Neill, who in 1913 wrote “Many a pleasant hour the present writer spent listening to “Jimmy’s” delightful music and memorizing his tunes, many of which were not in circulation until given publicity through our efforts.”

Aftere his death in 1885, his pipes were held by John Doyle, and after his passing, to Sergeant James Early.

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