Tram van Vladivostok

Posted by darren - noviembre 20th, 2017

De tram van Vladivostok bestaat uit één lijn van circa 5,5 kilometer en is het restant van een vroeger veel uitgebreider tramnet in deze Oost-Siberische, aan de Japanse Zee gelegen Russische stad. Het net is aangelegd is de klassieke Russische spoorwijdte van 1524 mm.

De eerste tram in Vladivostok verscheen op 9 oktober 1912 als metersporige paardentram onder de naam Eerste Russische Oost-Siberische Trammaatschappij. De ingezette trams waren afkomstig uit Oostenrijk-Hongarije. In 1934 bereikte het net een lengte van 21 kilometer water bottle thermos. Tussen maart en december van dat jaar werd het metersporige net volledig omgespoord tot het Russische breedspoor. Het net werd verder uitgebreid en bereikte in 1989 een lengte van 46,2 kilometer. Omwille van de topografie van de stad, telde het net talrijke trajecten met sterke stijgingspercentages.

In 2009 bestond het net nog slechts uit de twee lijnen nummers 4 en 6 die uitgebaat werden met 47 trams van het type RWZ-6 uit 1976-1988, 25 trams van het type KTM-5 uit de jaren 1988-1992 tenderization of meat, 20 voertuigen type KTM-8 uit 1992-1994 en vijf trams LM-93 uit de jaren 1996-1999. De uit de Letse hoofdstad Riga stammende RWZ-6 werden in 2001 in de eigen werkplaatsen grondig vernieuwd.

Sinds oktober 1997 was het gebruik van de tram gratis. Dit gebaar van de burgemeester verzekerde hem zijn herverkiezing. De tram is goed voor 400.000 reizigers per dag wat ongeveer 60% uitmaakt van alle openbaarvervoerreizigers. Het gratis vervoer werd enkele jaren nadien opnieuw afgeschaft en in de zomer 2003 kostte een enkele rit drie roebel.

Naast de tram wordt Vladivostok ook bediend door een trolleybusnet van 56,2 kilometer. Omwille van de zware topografie zal dit net dat tot ver in de voorsteden reikt, verder worden uitgebreid.

Dit artikel of een eerdere versie ervan is (gedeeltelijk) vertaald vanaf , die onder de licentie valt. Zie de aldaar how to soften tough meat.

Etiquetas: , ,

Sir Alexander Seton, 1st Baronet

Posted by darren - diciembre 1st, 2016

Sir Alexander Seton of Pitmedden, 1st Baronet, Lord Pitmedden (c. 1639 – 29 May 1719) was a Scottish advocate, a Senator of the College of Justice, a Lord of Justiciary, and a Commissioner.

Seton was a son of John Seton of Pitmedden who commanded a detachment of Royalist troops at the battle of the Bridge of Dee and, while riding along the riverside with Lord Aboyne was shot through the heart by a cannonball, age 29. John Seton’s two sons were both infants at the time. With their mother, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Samuel Johnston, 1st Baronet of Elphinston, they were driven from their house which was plundered, and the whole rents of their estate seized by the Covenanters. Their mother remarried, the Earl of Harfell hydration running backpack, and the boys were taken in by their kinsman, George Seton, 4th Earl of Winton, who later enrolled them both at the University of Aberdeen. James Seton of Pitmedden, the elder brother, became an officer in the English Navy. During the Dutch attack on the English fleet at Chatham in 1667, he was severely wounded and died soon afterwards. He was succeeded by his brother, Alexander.

He became a member of the Faculty of Advocates on 10 December 1661, and was knighted by King Charles II in 1664. He was appointed an Ordinary Lord of Session on 31 October 1677, when he assumed the title of Lord Pitmedden. He was later appointed a Lord of Justiciary, on 5 July 1682.

On 15 January 1684, he was created a baronet of Nova Scotia by King Charles II.

He represented Aberdeenshire in the Scottish Parliament in 1681, 1685, and 1686, and for his boldness and independence in opposing the repeal of the Test and Penal Laws proposed by King James VII, he was deprived by that monarch of his seat on The Bench. He was at the same time removed from the Court of Justiciary.

Upon the 1688 Revolution King William III offered to reinstate him as one of the Lords of Session, which Sir Alexander declined feeling it inconsistent with his previous Oaths of Allegiance to James VII. He then retired from professional life.

In his private affairs he succeeded in recovering his family’s estates from indebtedness, and possessed a vast library. He published an edition of Sir George Mackenzie’s Law of Scotland in matters Criminal, with a treatise on Mutilation and Demembration, annexed.

A painting of Sir Alexander Seton, Lord Pitmedden, hung in the ancient manor house of The Grange, Edinburgh for centuries. It remains in the possession of the Lauder of Fountainhall family.

He married, 11 March 1669, a cousin tenderization of meat, Margaret (d. 19 October 1723), daughter and heiress of William Lauder (d.1695), a Writer (solicitor) and Clerk of the Court of Session, by his spouse Katherine (d electric razor shaver.1697), daughter of Thomas Hunter of Hagburne. They had ten children:

Etiquetas: , ,

 

MCM Rucksack | Kelme Outlet | maje dresses outlet| maje dresses for sale

kelme paul frank outlet new balance outlet bogner outlet le coq sportif outlet Centrado en la moda la cultura las entrevistas y la alta cocina