Una follia

Posted by darren - marzo 29th, 2017

Una follia, conosciuta anche con il titolo Il ritratto parlante o La folia di carnovale, è una farsa in un atto di Gaetano Donizetti, su libretto di Bartolomeo Merelli, composta in meno di un mese alla fine del 1818 e rappresentata per la prima volta al Teatro San Luca di Venezia il 17 dicembre 1818.

Grazie alla buona accoglienza riservata a Enrico di Borgogna, il giovane compositore e il suo librettista ebbero subito dall’impresario Paolo Zancla la commissione per una nuova opera, che approntarono in tutta fretta. Per il soggetto Merelli si ispirò a un lavoro di Andrea Leone Tottola per il musicista Giacomo Cordella (Una follia fabric shaver canada, Napoli, 1813).

Sia il libretto sia la partitura sono però andati perduti dopo il 1818: rimangono solamente otto battute della musica phone holder running, che Donizetti incorporò nel florilegio di motivi tratti dalle sue opere dedicato alla sua promessa sposa, Virginia Vasselli. Si tratta della prima prova del compositore con il genere comico.

Secondo Merelli l’opera fu un successo, ma l’unica recensione conosciuta, apparsa sul “Nuovo osservatore veneziano” il 24 dicembre, è più cauta: “Si osservò che la parte cantabile non risalta gran fatto; convien dire che ciò siasi fatto avvedutamente dal giovine maestro, a cui la necessità può questa volta servirgli di scusa. Gli applausi, che riscossero i suoi lavori in questa città, gli servano d’incoraggiamento nel proseguire l’incominciata carriera designer glass water bottles; ma non lo illudano”.

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Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture

Posted by darren - marzo 29th, 2017

Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture (simplified Chinese: 楚雄彝族自治州 what tenderizes beef; traditional Chinese: 楚雄彜族自治州; pinyin: Chǔxióng Yízú Zìzhìzhōu) is an autonomous prefecture located in central Yunnan Province, China. Chuxiong has an area of 29,256&nbsp runners water bottle;km2 (11,296 sq mi). The capital of the prefecture is Chuxiong City.

There is one county-level city and nine counties.

According to the 2010 Census, Chuxiong Prefecture has 2,684,000 inhabitants, and according to the 2000 Census, Chuxiong Prefecture has 2,542,530 inhabitants with a population density of 86.91 inhabitants/km² red football socks.

The Chuxiong Prefecture Almanac (1993:411) lists the following two ethnic Hani subgroups and their respective locations.

The Bai language of Chuxiong is different from Bai of Dali, but the two are mutually intelligible nonetheless (Chuxiong Prefecture Almanac 1993:406)

Coordinates:

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Hācheh Dāghī

Posted by darren - marzo 29th, 2017

Hācheh Dāghī (persiska: هاچه داغی) är ett berg i Iran. Det ligger i provinsen Zanjan, i den nordvästra delen av landet electric shaver spares, 300 km nordväst om huvudstaden Teheran. Toppen på Hācheh Dāghī är 2 004 meter över havet.

Terrängen runt Hācheh Dāghī är huvudsakligen kuperad electric shaver parts, men österut är den bergig. Den högsta punkten i närheten är 2 170 meter över havet, 1,3 km nordost om Hācheh Dāghī. Runt Hācheh Dāghī är det ganska glesbefolkat wilson football uniforms, med 47 invånare per kvadratkilometer. Närmaste större samhälle är Armaghānkhāneh runners belt pack, 11,6 km sydost om Hācheh Dāghī. Trakten runt Hācheh Dāghī består i huvudsak av gräsmarker. I trakten runt Hācheh Dāghī finns ovanligt många namngivna vattenkällor.

Medelhavsklimat råder i trakten. Årsmedeltemperaturen i trakten är 12 °C. Den varmaste månaden är augusti, då medeltemperaturen är 28 °C, och den kallaste är januari, med -7 °C. Genomsnittlig årsnederbörd är 519 millimeter. Den regnigaste månaden är november, med i genomsnitt 84 mm nederbörd, och den torraste är september, med 8 mm nederbörd.

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¿Es leche mal antes de ejercicio aeróbico?

Posted by darren - marzo 28th, 2017

Teniendo leche antes de ejercer tiene sus altibajos, pero no es una mala cosa.Suministros de leche múltiples beneficios nutritivos que ayudan con los músculos, los huesos y la salud celular.Muchas personas pueden referirse a la “Tienes leche?”Consignas, conectando los atletas populares y famosos con la leche de consumo, y mientras que puede no ser la mejor bebida durante la actividad, está bien tener leche como parte de tu regimen saludable.
La leche contiene proteínas, que es lo que el cuerpo requiere para reparar y reconstruir los músculos que daños durante el ejercicio.La leche también suministra carbohidratos simples que son beneficiosos para tu glucógeno el almacenamiento de energía, así como una importante cantidad de calcio, la cual mantiene la integridad significativa de hueso y la densidad

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.Combinar la nutrición beneficios de leche con entrenamiento de resistencia, y sus huesos pueden tener integridad óptima y la densidad.Mientras que la leche es mas a menudo se recomienda como una bebida después del ejercicio 2013, la cuestión de la “Revista de Ciencias del deporte” informa de que cuando se consume con un carbohidrato, una bebida de la proteina puede mejorar el rendimiento del ejercicio.
La declaración de posición de la American College of Sports Medicine, publicado en la edición de 2009 “la medicina y la ciencia en deportes y ejercicio,” recomienda que cualquier pre workout aperitivos ser baja en grasa, leche descremada debe ser elegido más de leche entera.Leche descremada suministra aproximadamente el 1 por ciento de su recomendó la ingesta de grasas, y pueden ser desglosadas en una tasa mas rapida.La desventaja es 65 menos calorías por taza, lo que podría suponer un problema para la gente que desea una mayor ingesta de calorías porque están tratando de aumentar el tamaño.
La leche es una pesada productos lácteos líquidos y puede causar problemas durante el ejercicio moderado a intenso porque se digiere lentamente, que contienen altas cantidades de grasa.Esto puede provocar náuseas, cólicos y vómitos.Melvin H. Williams, autor de “la nutrición para la salud, fitness y deporte”, dice 1 taza de leche también contiene un 6 por ciento de su ingesta recomendada de sodio, que es de aproximadamente 151 miligramos, y puede causar un aumento de la sensación de sed o la deshidratación durante el ejercicio.Por último

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, la leche cubre la boca y la garganta con una fina película – – A pesar de que no aumente la flema o moco, que pueden causar un efecto psicológico que te hace toser o escupir más.
El timing correcto suministra la clave para equilibrar los altibajos de tener leche antes de hacer ejercicio.Williams sugiere tener productos lácteos tales como la leche de tres a cuatro horas antes de la actividad física.Esto permite que la leche sea plenamente digerido, limita la aparición de náuseas y permite que las proteínas a utilizar de manera óptima.Una muestra pre workout snack puede ser harina de avena con leche desnatada o leche descremada con un plátano.

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Эльблонгское соглашение

Posted by darren - marzo 28th, 2017

Эльблонгское соглашение — документ, который был подписан между Республикой Соединённых провинций и Швецией 11 сентября 1656 года в городе Эльблонг. Суть соглашения заключалась в защите голландского торгового влияния в Балтийском море.

СраженияУйсце – Данциг – Собота – Жарнув – Краков – Новы-Двур – Войнич – Ясная Гора – Голонб – Варка – Клецко – Варшава (1) – Варшава (2) – Динабург– Кокенгаузен – Рига – Простки – Филипув – Хойнице – Переход через Бельты – Кольдинг – Копенгаген – Эресунн – Нюборг

ДоговорыКедайняй (1) – Кедайняй (2) – Рыньск – Кёнигсберг – Тышовце – Мариенбург – Эльблонг – Лабиау – Вильна – Вена (1) – Раднойт – Вена (2) – Велау-Бромберг – Тааструп – Роскилле – Гадяч – Валиесар – Гаага – Олива – Копенгаген – Кардис

Территория Нижних Земель значительно уступала соседним землям в количестве и качестве участков, пригодных для ведения сельскохозяйственной и промышленной деятельности. Поэтому, голландцы вынуждены были рассчитывать на импорт продукции для покрытия внутренних потребностей. Дефицит леса для кораблестроения, металлов и зерна покрывался благодаря торговле со странами Балтики, поставлявшими в Республику Соединенных Провинции все эти товары. Помимо этого, страны Балтики являлись основными рынками сбыта для голландской продукции — сельди, сыра, кораблей, полотна, пушек, сукна. Ключевым моментом является то, что основой голландской экономики являлась торговля. Немецкие меха и вина, продукция французских мануфактур, фрукты и колониальные товары из Испании попадали в Северную Европу исключительно благодаря голландским торговым кораблям. Прибалтийское зерно отправлялось в страны Средиземноморья также с их помощью. Именно благодаря Балтийскому морю, Республика Соединённых провинций смогла выйти на рынки Русского Царства и к 1650 году наладить торговые отношения через порт Архангельск soccer long socks.

Исключительная важность торговли через Балтийское море заключалась в том, что импорт зерна из стран Балтики привел к голландскому техническому развитию. Поскольку большинство населения было избавлено от сельскохозяйственной деятельности, они смогли сконцентрироваться на промышленности, где и достигли внушительных результатов (к примеру, кораблестроение). Таким образом, голландская экономика была подстроена под экономику стран Балтики. В XV веке, когда импорт балтийского зерна достиг наибольшего масштаба, происходят наиболее радикальные изменения в развитии голландского общества.

В 1654 году на трон Швеции взошел Карл X Густав и среди первых его решений было возобновление войны с Польшей. Через Генеральные Штаты Республики Соединенных провинций был получен заказ на постройку 20 военных судов для Польши (для ведения ею морских сражений с Русским Царством). Помимо преследования цели исключить голландское торговое влияние в Балтийском море, Швеция не могла допустить усиления и преобладания польского флота над своим. В 1655 году во время собрания в рейхстаге государственный канцлер Оксенштерна заявил, что наибольшее влияние в Балтийском море исключительно должно принадлежать шведскому королю. После этого, Карл X Густав при поддержке 40 кораблей вышел в море и высадился у Волгаста, где получил информацию о том, что голландский флот под командованием адмирала Тромпа вышел в Балтийское море. В конце июля 1655 года возле Данцига (Гданск) появилась эскадра под командой лейтенант-адмирала Вассенара ван Обдама в количестве 42 кораблей и экипажем в 6400 человек. К 1656 году Карл Х Густав добивается от Республики Соединенных провинций гарантий оказания ему военной и финансовой поддержки в прибалтийских владениях взамен на предоставления для голландцев торговых гарантий и льгот в Балтийском море (Гаагский договор 27 июля 1655 год). Поскольку у шведов в союзниках была Англия, голландцы не торопились предоставлять поддержку Карлу Х Густаву, поскольку опасались удара в тыл со стороны английских войск, а также усиления влияния Дании. Республика Соединённых провинций ежедневно терпела убытки из-за войны, поскольку невозможной была торговля со странами Прибалтики, охваченных войной. Поэтому, 4 августа 1656 года Генеральные штаты настояли на очередных переговорах о прекращении военных действий.

Генеральные Штаты первыми приняли решение о выходе из Северной войны. Однако, требования выдвинутые к Карлу Х Густаву носили настолько ярко-выраженный антишведский характер, что последний всерьез задумался о разделе торгового влияние в Балтийском море с датчанами, а не с голландцами. Голландцы, ранее развернувшие блокаду город Данцига (Гданск), принуждали его жителей к миру с Карлом Х Густавом и вступлению в коалицию с шведами. Однако, жители этого города категорически были против нарушения их клятвы верности польскому королю football t shirt ideas. В польском городе Эльблонг, 11 сентября 1656 года было подписано голландско-шведское соглашение. Согласно этому документу, Карлу Х Густав гарантировал Республике Соединённых провинций беспрепятственную торговлю в Балтийском море, гарантии свободного мореплавания и взаимовыгодные таможенные тарифы. Соглашение было подписано уполномоченными голландцами, однако, после их возвращения домой, Генеральные Штаты отказались признавать и выполнять Эльблонгское соглашение, поскольку некоторые пункты гарантировали Карлу Х Густаву единоличные полномочия при принятии решения о назначении размера суммы пошлин на импорт/экспорт.

Генеральные Штаты Республики Соединенных провинций остались недовольными подписанным соглашением в Эльблонге и отказались его выполнять. Впоследствии, Ян де Витт смог убедить Генеральные Штаты в необходимости разъяснения спорных пунктов с шведской стороны, а не в полном отказе в ратификации. Однако water bottle storage, оппозиция во многих городах Республики, во главе с Конрадом ван Бейненгеном(Coenraad van Beuningen), выступила с требованием несоблюдения Эльблонгского соглашения. Чтобы окончательно договориться об разделении торгового влияния в Балтийском море, в 1659 году в Гааге был достигнут компромисс, который урегулировал спорные пункты в Эльблонгском соглашении от 1656 года. Из-за возобновления наступления Карлом Х Густавом на Данию, Генеральные Штаты приняли решение послать весь голландский флот и наёмное войско, чтобы помочь датчанам. В ноябре 1658 года голландский флот наносит решающий удар по шведскому флоту в сражении при Эресунне (в котором погиб вице-адмирал Витте Корнелисзон де Витт).

Потеря шведами Копенгагена, доминирование голландского флота в Балтийском море привели к тому, что в декабре 1659 года в ходе переговоров в Хельсингёре было достигнуто соглашение между голландской и шведской сторонами.

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Massacre of Aleppo (1850)

Posted by darren - marzo 28th, 2017

The Aleppo Massacre (Arabic: قومة حلب‎‎, Qawmat Ḥalab), often referred to simply as The Events (Arabic: ‎‎, al-hawādith), was a riot perpetrated by Muslim residents of Aleppo, largely from the eastern quarters of the city, against Christian residents, largely located in the northern suburbs of Judayde (Jdeideh) and Salibeh. The riot began on the evening of October 17, 1850, and ended two days later on October 19, 1850. The riot resulted in numerous deaths, including that of the Syriac Catholic Patriarch Peter VII Jarweh.

Generally, the riot is characterized as the culmination of tensions between the diverse groups that had historically populated Aleppo, including tensions between Muslims and Christians, and janissaries and the ashraf. Ethnic non-Aleppine groups, including Bedouins, Kurds and Türkmen have also been blamed for the riot, especially by local historians. It has been argued, however, that The Events reflect instead more complex social dynamics, particularly the disruption caused by the sweeping reforms implemented by the Ottoman Empire in its nineteenth century attempts at modernization, also known as the Tanzimat, and by the Ottoman Empire’s incorporation into the modern world economic system.

The aftermath of The Events included the replacement of the governor of Aleppo, leading to the eruption of fighting between janissary and ashraf groups on November 5. With the intervention of Ottoman forces utilizing British artillery, the renewed fighting ended by November 8. Attempts at the restitution of stolen property and the bringing of legal charges against rioters spurred on further disagreement between Muslim and Christian residents.

The Events are considered by historians to be particularly important in Aleppian history, for they represent the first time disturbances pitted Muslims against Christians in the region. Additionally, the implications of The Events include integral insights into the social, political and economic elements of the nineteenth century Ottoman Empire.

As the Ottoman Empire weakened in the 19th century, restrictions on Christians were eased, due to the increasing intervention and influence of European powers. Uniate Armenians and Melkites were officially recognised as Millets in 1831 and 1848, respectively. 1839 reforms allowed Christians to build new churches, which was previously prohibited. A newly formed municipal advisory council provided Christians with the opportunity to express their opinions.

Perhaps most the most significant changes during this time, however, were the alterations being made to the Ottoman taxation system. Traditionally, direct taxation was only required for adult, non-Muslim males, through a system known as jizya. Taxes for Muslims, rather than being applied to the individual, were instead announced by the government and left to be collected by various corporate entities, such as guilds or quarters, from among their individual members. Yet, an individual head tax was introduced for Muslim residents during the Egyptian occupation of Syria in the 1830s, under Muhammad Ali Pasha, and was continued even after the Ottomans regained control of the region. Not only did this lead to increasing economic burdens upon the Muslim residents of Aleppo, spurring on dramatic decreases in their relative wealth while their Christian neighbors prospered because of connections with Europe, but it also created a sense of disillusionment in terms of the relationship between Muslims and the Ottoman state, for it undermined the distinction between Muslims and non-Muslims, thereby possibly calling into question the role of Muslims as the defenders of Islam as well. The already apparent class distinction became more dramatic with Muhammad Ali Pasha’s modernization efforts and led to the increasing social discontinuity that set the stage for conflict between the Muslim and Christian communities. These taxation reforms were coupled with an economic depression that spread throughout Aleppo in the mid-1800s, and were thus particularly devastating for residents from the eastern quarters of the city, for they were largely engaged in the caravan trade and the grain trade, the two sectors most deeply affected by the economic depression.

As trade with Europe increased, merchants who were mostly Christians and Jews prospered, while Muslim residents faced increasing economic hardships. The Muslim population of the city was badly hit by inflation as a result of the foreign merchandise that flooded the market after Syria was integrated into the world economy. The ease of commercial restrictions upon Christians spurred on discontent among Muslims, for they perceived this to be a threat to their traditional economic advantages in the region. Muslims also sought to stop the building of new churches, without much success. Additionally, Aleppo had a large Janissary faction, which had been growing increasingly discontented with the Ottoman government since their official abolishment in 1826. The jannisaries largely resided in the eastern quarters of Aleppo, and were thus particularly affected by these economic hardships.

When the Greek Catholic patriarch Maximos III Mazloum was carried in a procession through the city with much extravagance, Muslims saw this as a sign of increasing Christian domination of the city. Celebratory fire during the festivities gave rise to rumours that Christians were arming themselves.

General reforms occurring within the Ottoman Empire as it attempted to modernize, specifically census-taking and the forced conscription of citizens, also led to increased tensions and feelings of insecurity for the Muslim residents of Aleppo. Following the first-ever census of Aleppo’s adult males, rumors spread that the Ottoman Empire intended to begin to conscript adult males in the area. Backlash against looming threat of conscription, then, meant that the taking of the census became the catalyst for the 1850 riots in Aleppo.

On the evening of Wednesday, October 17, 1850, Aleppian residents protesting against the looming threat of conscription marched to the palace of Mustafa Zarif Pasha, the governor of Aleppo. Pasha barred the gates to his residence and refused to hear their demands, so the protesters then sought out ‘Abdallah al-Babinsi, the leader of the city’s janissary faction. Although he refused to lead the movement, some accounts of his interactions with the mob state that his remarks carried an implicit approval of the rioters’ actions. The rioters then advanced to the predominantly Christian quarters of Judea and Saliba, located in the northern part of Aleppo, where they began to loot and pillage both churches and private homes. Rioters attacked and killed approximately 20 Christians. During the attacks, many Christians managed to find refuge among the caravanserais in the bazaars or were protected by their Muslim neighbors. The rioting continued throughout the next day, October 18.

On Friday, October 19, the a’yān, or the urban elites, used to their moral authority, in combination with forces supplied by ‘Abdallah, to break up the rioters. In turn, they agreed to present the rioters’ demands to Pasha. These demands included requests that there would be no conscription, that only recoverable plunder could be returned, that the ringing of church bells and carrying of crosses in religious processions would cease, and that Christians would be prohibited from owning slaves. Initially, Pasha accepted these demands, and also added a pledge that the hated individual head tax would be replaced with a property tax. Additionally, ‘Abdallah was appointed acting governor.

On November 2 running belts for marathons, troops that had been requested by Pasha as reinforcements from the central Ottoman Empire arrived, demanding that the city disarm. Before addressing these internal problems, however what is meat tenderiser, the troops were tasked with fighting off the nomadic Bedouin groups that had gathered around the city with the expectations of easily raiding Aleppo, because of its recent chaos. The Bedouins quickly retreated, but because of his rumored connections with them, ‘Abdallah was removed from his position as acting governor and replaced by his rival, Yusuf Sharayyifzadah, the leader of the ashraf faction in the city.

Fighting again broke out, this time among Muslims, as ashraf and janissary factions fought over the change in governor. On November 5, the Ottoman troops used British artillery to bombard the centers of insurgency, destroying several quarters and killing more than 5,000 individuals. Fighting then devolved into house-to-house fighting, which was subsequently put down by November 8, when civil order was restored.

After the return of civil order, the pursuit of stolen property and legal charges against those who had injured or stolen from Christians began. The headmen of the city’s various quarters were arrested, although all were quickly released except for those from the quarters where the rioters had initially gathered. Those who were released were tasked with making house-to-house searches for stolen property. Individual Christians were allowed to bring charges against those who had robbed or injured them. On December 4, the governor of Aleppo issued a decree informing citizens that they had 10 days to return stolen goods, and after that, those found with stolen property would be punished as thieves and rebels.

Yet, the only property returned to court was livestock, either horses or camels, and nobody was ever punished as a thief, for proof of guilt was nearly impossible to obtain. Even the house-to-house searches yielded few results, a fact that can largely be attributed to the traditional Muslim respect for the privacy of the individual. Damage to Christian property and morale was high. Ottoman records show that 688 homes and 36 shops were damaged. Six churches, including the Greek Catholic patriarchate and its library, were also partially destroyed. Thus, an indemnity of 5,250 purses was levied on the Muslim population of Aleppo. Although Christians claimed that this indemnity only made up a fraction of what was lost, and Muslims claimed the results were-an insult on their collective honor, for they blamed the riots upon Bedouins and Kurds, this proved to be the end of the restitution process.

Individuals who were identified as having been the leaders of the riots were arrested. This included both Janissary, including Abdallah, and members of the ashraf, although, significantly, only the ashraf were able to regain their positions of prestige within the city. In total, approximately 600 individuals were arrested, with 400 being drafted into the army and 200 being exiled to Crete.

Due to the fear of another outbreak of violence, hundreds of Christians emigrated from Aleppo, largely to Beirut and Izmir. By the summer of 1851, approximately 700 individuals had left the city. The patriarch of the Syriac Catholic Church Peter VII Jarweh was fatally wounded in the attacks and died a year later. His patriarchate subsequently moved permanently from Aleppo to Mardin.

By the end of May 1851, conscription was introduced into Aleppo, and 1,000 men between the ages of 20 and 25 were taken.

After The Events, the Muslim community of Aleppo proved unwilling to attack Christians, as exemplified by the peace that was maintained in Aleppo during a wave of anti-Christian violence in 1860 that swept through Syria, despite the fact that members of the Aleppine community were called upon by religious authorities during this time to slaughter Christians hand meat tenderizer.

The aftermath of The Events of 1850 had numerous implications for the state of the Ottoman Empire during the Tanzimat.

Politically, The Events highlighted the success of the Ottoman state in exerting greater control over its citizens as a result of Tanzimat reforms. With modernization, citizens were no longer merely anonymous entities whose interactions with the state were defined by a series of personal relationships with government officials; rather, the state now had a standardized, impersonal bureaucracy which could successfully carry out censuses, tax individuals, and, eventually, conscript them as well. Additionally, The Events highlighted the increased ability of the Ottoman State to exert its power and influence in the territories under its control through the modernization of its army, as exemplified by its successful suppression of the rioters through the use of British artillery.

Some perceived the riot to be a collaboration between Abdallah al-Babinsi and Yusuf Sharayyifzadah to bolster their political prestige but this conspiracy cannot be proved true or untrue.

Economically, The Events highlighted the wide-spread effects of the incorporation of the Ottoman Empire into the modern world economic system. Although this incorporation was necessary for the survival of the Ottoman Empire, it placed the Empire in a subordinate position, in which the Ottoman Empire produced raw materials that were processed into finished goods in Europe and then sold back to the Empire at inflated prices. Such economic hardships led to depressions throughout the Empire, including the depression in Aleppo which largely affected the residents of the eastern quarters, for they were primarily engaged in the caravan trade and the grain trade.

Socially, The Events represented the transformation of the relationship between Muslims and Christians in the Ottoman Empire. Increasing trade advantages for Christians within the Empire meant that, suddenly, rather than being groups that cooperated with one another during commercial transactions, Christians and Muslims became groups that competed with one another, with Muslims increasingly losing out. The consequent breakdown of corporate communities also dissolved the protection that came from this communities. The rioters were among those displaced and increasingly lost power and protection in the face of emerging Christian mercantile dominance. Christians began to advance their economic standing not through cooperation with Muslims but rather through serving as middlemen for Europeans conducting trade in the area, who would then aid in exempting them from the head taxes placed on non-Muslims and even gave them commercial advantages over local Muslim competition. The Muslim-Christian relationship shifted to one of client to patron. Christians eventually stopped doing business with Muslims and traded with only their European allegiances. The Events functioned as a sort of violent severing of the ties of civic bonds that had previously existed between the Christians and Muslims of Aleppo, as Christians became increasingly Westernized, not only culturally but also politically.

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Ligne 166 (chemin de fer slovaque)

Posted by darren - marzo 28th, 2017

Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) selon les recommandations des projets correspondants football jersys.

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La ligne 166 des chemins de fer slovaque relie Plešivec à Slavošovce

Ouverture du tronçon Plešivec – Slavošovce le .

Durant le second conflit mondial, la frontière entre la Slovaquie et la Hongrie se situait entre les stations de Štítnik et Roštár. Les trains de voyageurs slovaques était donc limités au tronçon Slavošovce – Štítnik. Le tronçon étant isolé du reste du réseau slovaque, deux trains par jour parcouraient le trajet entre Betliar et Štítnik via Plešivec (Pelsőc). Les passagers de ces trains n’étaient pas soumis au contrôle policier et douanier hongrois. Ils ne pouvaient ni monter ni descendre du train mais devaient respecter les lois en vigueur sur le territoire hongrois. Pour remédier à cette situation des projets de nouvelles lignes ont été entrepris mais jamais entièrement réalisés sports waist pack.

Le service passager a été interrompu en 2003 best fabric defuzzer. Il subsiste un trafic marchadise.

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Loyola School & PU College, Mundgod

Posted by darren - marzo 28th, 2017

Loyola School & PU College, Mundgod, Karnataka, India, is a work of the Society of Jesus. The high school opened in 1994 and the Pre-university College in 2004 vintage soccer shirts.

Mundgod is one of the backward taluks of the Karwar area. The Jesuits opened Loyola Primary School there in 1991, Loyola High School in 1994, and in 2003 a Pre-university College. Students come from the Siddis (of African origin), Gowlis (cowherds), Lambadi (semi-nomadic group), Vaddera (stone-cutters), and Gollars (sheep-rearing), and are charged a nominal fee.

A special feature of the school is the training of students in skills like electrical wiring, welding, agriculture, carpentry, and computer along with other co-curricular activities.

The campus is eco-friendly with solar lights, a biogas plant, and vermin-composting.

Currently more than six hundred students reside at the Loyola School Mungod campus in thirteen different cottages. Centralized cooking utilizes the government’s Midday Meal Scheme initiated in June 2013, for which a kitchen together with a multipurpose hall accommodating 300 children is in the planning.

The Jesuits’ educational work extends also to village hostels and self-help groups at Loyola Pragati Kendra in Haliyal and Loyola Vikas Kendra in Mundgod and Hangal. Loyola Vikas Kendra fosters 320 self-help groups in Mundgod and Hanagal Talukas. Also 2650 children participate in 117 children’s clubs which enhance the children’s literacy. There are two centers which train young girls in tailoring. Computer classes are offered in Mundgod and spoken English classes in Hangal. The Jesuit Educational and Charitable Society runs 13 hostels for the primary and high school students in the villages, accommodating 370 students.

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Frederik Adolph Holstein

Posted by darren - marzo 28th, 2017

Frederik Adolph Holstein (18. oktober 1784 på Waterneverstorf – 21. maj 1836 på Holsteinborg Gods) var en dansk kammerherre, lensgreve og filantrop. Hans forældre var Hinrich Holstein-Holsteinborg og Friderica Rantzau best toothpaste dispenser.

Holstein, der var uddannet cand.jur. flat meat pounder, overtog i 1808 grevskabet Holsteinborg og blev samme år gift med Wilhelmine Juliane Reventlow bottled water bpa free. Han grundlagde i 1810 Danmarks første sparekasse, Holsteinborg Sparekasse, der dog var forbeholdt hans egne ansatte. Han oprettede i 1809 et selskab for industri og husflid og i 1811 den første kvægforsikringsforening. Han var desuden engageret i moderniseringen af skolevæsenet og finansierede oprettelsen af flere skoler samt hjemmet Hjortholm (Holsteinsminde) for fattige børn.

Holstein deltog også i den kirkelige debat som fortaler for bibelselskaber og missioner, hvilket gjorde, at han også blev formand for Det Danske Missionsselskab. I 1835 blev han kongevalgt deputeret i Roskilde Stænderforsamling, hvor han var optaget af indførelsen af kommunalt selvstyre, trykkefrihed og afskaffelse af slaveriet. Allerede i 1814 havde han også markeret sig politisk ved at udarbejde et forslag til en grundlov for Norge.

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Muhammad

Posted by darren - marzo 28th, 2017

Muhammad (arabisk Posted in Sin categoría - No Comments »

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